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Habitat

Generally indoors, preferring dry nesting locations. Limited home range, with foraging activities rarely above several meters from nest site. Nests are usually situated in close proximity to food sources. Nests are generally made from shredded paper and other materials present in the local environment.

Biology

Distinguished from rats by small size, and from young rats by it's larger ears, and longer tail. Little or no new object avoidance behaviour (neophobia). Nocturnal forager with a preference for grains and seeds. Longevity: 6 - 12 months, the maximum reproductive potential for 1 breeding pair being approximately 2000!

Pest Status

Although wasps visit dustbins, waste depots, and Widespread and relatively cosmopolitan, this species is a frequent pest of homes and Industrial sites. Urinating frequently, and feeding from multiple sites, food spoilage and the spread of disease is closely associated with M. domesticus.

Control

The combined use of monitoring equipment, baits and physical control methods where appropriate is recommended. Bait formulation is an important factor, due to the high specificity of food selection by this species.

 
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